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一般過去時的用法

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   一般過去時是英語中常見的一種時態,代表過去發生的動作,事情,下面小編帶你學好英語的一般過去時。

    定義

  一般過去時常與過去時間yesterday, this morning, just now, a moment ago, in May, last night / year / week, once upon a time, the other day, before …, when – clause, in the past連用。

  如:What did you do yesterday? 昨天你干了什么?

  I met Lin Tao this morning. 今天上午我會到了林濤。

  I was there a moment ago. 剛才我在那兒

   用法說明

  1表示在過去某個時間所發生的動作或所處的狀態。 常與yesterday, last week, in 1989, just now, a moment ago, the other day等連用。

  如:He was here just now. 他剛才還在這里。

  What did you do yesterday? 你昨天做了什么事?

  2在過去一段時間內的經常性或習慣性動作。

  如:We often played together when we were children. 我們小時候常在一起玩。

   一般過去時對謂語動詞的要求

  一般過去時用動詞的過去式構成。即一般過去時的謂語動詞要用動詞的過去式。動詞過去式的構成分規則變化和不規則變化兩種形式,不規則變化通常需要逐個記憶,規則變化則遵循以下原則:

  (1) 一般在動詞后加-ed。如:play—played, offer—offered, weigh—weighed, destroy— destroyed, sign—signed.

  (2) 在以字母e結尾的動詞后,只加-d。如:like—liked, provide—provided, hate — hated, date—dated。

  (3) 在以“輔音字母+y”結尾的動詞后,則改y為i,再加—ed。如:supply—supplied, fly—flied, study— studied. (from www.yygrammar.com)

  (4) 在以單短元音的重讀閉音節結尾且,末尾只有一個輔音字母的動詞后,雙寫最后一個輔音字母,再加-ed。如:plan—planned, refer—referred, reGREt—reGREtted, ban—banned.

  特別說明

  有些動詞的過去時,如:expect, hope, intend, plan, wanted 等一般過去時,后接不定式的完成時;或它們的過去完成時接不定式的一般式,都可表示過去未曾實現的意圖、打算或希望。

  如:I hoped to have been invited to his wedding party. —I had hoped to be invited to his wedding ceremony. 我本希望他來邀請我參加他的婚禮。

  I intended to have joined their games. —I had intended to join their games. 我本打算參加他們的比賽。

  注:表示過去經常發生的動作還可用used to 和would。

  如:He used to smoke a lot, but he doesn’t now. 他過去經常抽煙,但現在不抽了。

  Whenever we were in trouble, he would help us. 每當我們遇到困難,他都會幫助我們。

  3表示主語過去的特征或性格。

  如:At that time she was very good at English. 那時她英語學得很好。

  4用在狀語從句中表示過去將來。

  如:He said he would wait until they came back.

  5一般過去時有時可以表示現在,多與 want, hope, wonder, think, intend 等動詞連用,使語氣更委婉。

  如:I wondered if you could help me. 不知你能不能幫我一下。

  有時用一般過去時也是時態一致的需要。

  如:I didn’t know you were here. 沒想到你在這里。

  注意:

  1. 表示一系列的動作,盡管有先后,都用一般過去時,最后兩個動詞之間用and連結。如: He opened the door, rushed out and then disappeared. 他打開門,沖了出去,然后就消失了。

  2. 注意在語境中理解“我剛才/原來還不……”。

  如:—Your phone number again? I didn’t quite catch it. —It’s 2566666. 請再說一次你的電話號碼,好嗎?我剛才沒聽清楚。是2566666。

  隨堂練習:

  一.寫出下列動詞的過去式。

  1.am/is ________ 2.do _______ 3.go ________ 4.have _______

  5.isn’t _________ 6. aren’t ________ 7.spend________ 8.cook_______

  9.read ________ 10.clean _______ 11.live _______ 12.study_________

  二.用適當的詞完成下列對話。

  1.— How was your weekend? — It ______ great.

  — What _______ you ______ last weekend ? — I _______ some homework.

  2.— What ______ she ______ last weekend? — She _______ to the beach.

  3.— What _______ they do last weekend? — They ________ to the movies.

  三.用括號內所給詞的適當形式填空。

  1. We _________ (enjoy) ourselves at the party last night.

  2.Jack ____________ (study) for the English test last Sunday.

  3._______ you ______ (go) to the Great Wall last year?

  4. What day _______ (be) it yesterday?

  5.The old man _______(be)ill and went to see a doctor.

  6.We ________ (have) a party last night.

  7.We __________ (visit) the museum and went home.

  8.— How _______ (be) the students? — They were very friendly.

  9.He often _______ (have) supper at home. Today he ______ (have) supper at school.

  10.We had great fun _______ (play) in the water.

  11.That made me ______ (feel) very happy.

  12.— ______ he _______ (have) lunch at nine? — No, he didn’t.

  13.They _________(buy) a guitar yesterday.

  四.句型轉換。

  1. He came here last month. (改為否定句) He _______ _______ here last month.

  2..They played football this morning. (改為一般疑問句并作簡略回答) —______ they _______ football this morning? —Yes, they _______./No, they _________ .

  3.They went to Beijing last year. (就劃線部分提問)

  _________ _________ they ________ last year.

  4.Tom watched TV last night. (改為一般疑問句)

  _______ Tom _______ TV last night?

  5.Mary does homework every day. (用 last night 改寫句子)

  Mary ________ ____________ _________ ________ .



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